Conularia

Classification
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Conulariida
Family: Conulariidae
Genus: Conularia Sowerby, 1821
Cincinnatian Species: Conularia formosa

Taxonomic Details

  • 1820 Conularia Miller in Sowerby, p. 107.
  • 1837 Conularia Hisinger, p. 30.
  • 1852 Conularia McCoy, p. 287.
  • 1867 Conularia Barrande, p. 1-11.
  • 1879 Conularia Hall, p. 205-208.
  • 1884 Conularia Lindstrom, p. 39.
  • 1889 Conularia Miller, p. 390.
  • 1893 Conularia Holm, p. 113-114.
  • 1907 Conularia Slater, p. 14.
  • 1924 Conularia McLearn, p. 37.
  • 1928 Conularia Boucek, p. 85.
  • 1938 Conularia Fletcher, p. 235-239.
  • 1939 Conularia (Conularia) Boucek, p. A120.
  • 1939 Conularia (Plectoconularia) Boucek, p. A121.
  • 1940 Conularia Sinclair, p. 72-73.
  • 1942 Conularia Sugiyama, p. 394.
  • 1942 Conularia (Conularia) Sugiyama, p. 394.
  • 1942 Conularia (Plectoconularia) Sugiyama, p. 394.
  • 1944 Conularia Shimer & Shrock (in part), p. 77.
  • 1949 Conularia Termier & Termier, p. 721.
  • 1949 Plectoconularia Termier & Termier, p. 721.
  • 1952 Diconularia Sinclair, p. 138-139.
  • 1953 Conularia Termier & Termier, p. 1011.
  • 1953 Plectoconularia Termier & Termier, p. 1011.
  • 1956 Conularia Moore & Harrington, p. F60-F61.
  • 1956 Diconularia Moore & Harrington, p. F61.
  • 1962 Conularia Sysoev & Chudinova, p. 190.
  • 1971 Conularia Drygant, p. 19-20.
  • 1979 Conularia Xu & Li, p. 92.
  • 1982 Conularia Parfrey, p. 71.
  • 1984 Diconularia Lammers & Young, p. 609.
  • 1985 Conularia Hergarten, p. 273.
  • 1985 Yangoconularia Xu & Li, p. 90, 94.
  • 1986 Conularia Babcock & Feldmann, p. 377-378.
  • 1987b Conularia Babcock, Feldmann, Wilson, & Suarez-Riglos, p. 216.
  • 1987c Conularia Babcock, Feldmann, Wilson, & Suarez-Riglos, p. 204.
  • Geologic Range
    Late Cambrian – Permian

    Common Paleoecology
    Conularia is an extinct genus of stationary epifaunal suspension feeders

    Identification in Hand Sample:

    • Ridges are closely spaced, continue across the midline of each face
    • Crests present between the ridges
    • Traverse ribs well defined
    • Ribs finely tuberculate, with interspaces crossed by striae
    • Facial mid-line not marked surficially by groove or ridge

    Geographic Occurrences

    		

    Published Description

    Fossils of Ohio (1996):

    • The exoskeleton of Conularia Sowerby can be up to 30 cm in length. Ridges are closely spaced and commonly look as though they continue across the midline of each face rather than being significantly offset. Crests are present between the ridges. Conularia is present in the Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician) of southwestern Ohio. Rare specimens are known from Silurian and Devonian rocks. The genus is common at some localities in the Meadville and Wooster Members of Cuyahoga Formation (Mississippian) in northeastern Ohio and in the Byer Sandstone Member of the Logan Formation (Mississippian) in southern Ohio. Some specimens from the Cuyahoga Formation reach 30 cm in length and are among the largest conulariids known from anywhere in the world.

    Babcock, Gray, Boucot, Himes, & Siegele (1980):

    • Conulariids with rods that are generally closely spaced, usually 9-84 per cm; fewer than 60 percent alternate at midline; more than 40 percent abut; two adjacent rods on a face form a single arc across face; apical angles small, usually 6-23 degrees; nodes, adapertural spines, and adapical spines usually present, closely spaced, usually 1-10/mm.

    Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part F (1956):

    • Transverse ribs well defined, closely spaced, finely tuberculate, with interspaces crossed by bars or striae; facial mid-line not marked surficially by groove or ridge nor produced internally as septal ridge.

    C. formosa